The Nature Conservancy has produced a tool-set “Development by Design”, which seeks to avoid, minimize and mitigate habitat impacts from infrastructure development. These analysis tools can be used by pipeline companies to find routes that minimize ecological damage and overall still be cost effective for the company. The program analyzes habitat fragmentation and provides information on sediment loss that can be used to evaluate the effect of pipeline crossings of streams. For more on this please see the slides from Marcellus Gas Development Projections and Conservation Impacts.
A recent article that appeared in Bloomberg’s Inside Climate News examines the impact on Penn’s woodland from the wave of natural gas exploitation, see Gas Pipeline Boom Fragmenting Pennsylvania’s Forests.